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By Jaegwon Kim, Visit Amazon's Ernest Sosa Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ernest Sosa, , Gary S. Rosenkrantz

Totally prolonged and revised, A significant other to Metaphysics second Edition incorporates a element of special evaluation essays from well known metaphysicians, and the addition of greater than 30 new encyclopedic entries, taking the variety of entries to over three hundred.

  • Includes revisions to latest encyclopedic entries
  • Features greater than 30 all-new "A to Z" entries
  • Offers a piece of in-depth, essays from well known metaphysicians
  • Provides the main entire and updated reference consultant for college kids and execs alike

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Very often, two such sortal terms convey exactly the same criterion of identity. This is the case, for instance, with the sortal terms “cat” and “dog” – and, indeed, with all sortal terms denoting kinds of living organism (Lowe, 1998, p. 45). Particulars of all these kinds share the same criterion of identity, which is that of living organisms in general. So it is likewise with all kinds of material artefact, for instance, such as tables and computers: they all share the same criterion of identity, which differs from that governing living organisms.

Existence, Ontological Commitment, and Fictional Entities,” in The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics, ed. Michael Loux and Dean Zimmerman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). : “Fiction and Metaphysics,” Philosophy and Literature 7 (1983), 67– 77. : Mimesis as Make-Believe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990). : Works and Worlds of Art (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980). : Abstract Objects (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1983). amie l. thomasson 18 Free Will The metaphysical “problem of free will” has arisen in history whenever humans have reached a certain stage of self-consciousness about how profoundly the world may influence their behavior in ways unknown to them and beyond their control (Kane, 1996, pp.

A metaphysical principle of individuation tells us what determines the identity of an object, in the sense that it tells us what determines which object it is. A criterion of identity, by contrast, tells us what determines whether an object belonging to a given ontological category is or is not identical with another such object. In the latter case, we are concerned with identity conceived as a relation, whereas in the former case we are concerned with “identity” in the sense of individual ESSENCE (to use a traditional term).

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