Download Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence by Hong Hai PDF

By Hong Hai

Acupuncture is largely practised within the twenty first century in scientifically constructed nations for quite a lot of illnesses starting from continual soreness, giddiness and hypertension to gastrointestinal problems and sexual disorder. but the explanations for its vaunted efficacy stay an issue of controversy. In conventional chinese language scientific concept, the mechanism of motion in acupuncture used to be understood by way of the move of qi and the stability of yin and yang during the body's meridians, a fancy community painstaking charted yet by no means discovered. glossy clinical researchers have tested outdated and new needling issues, and a few view them as "trigger issues" that stimulate physiological responses within the physique. there's additionally transparent proof of robust placebo results, even though it has no longer been conclusively proven that that this is often both the most or the single major influence.

This quantity includes twelve articles masking the newest clinical motives of the mechanism of acupuncture and significant stories of medical trials on its efficacy via major students, together with Edzard Ernst at Exeter, Lixing Lao on the college of Maryland, computer Leung on the chinese language college of Hong Kong and Thomas Lundeberg at Karolinska Institute.

Hong Hai is Senior Fellow on the Institute of complex stories and Adjunct Professor, Nanyang Technological collage, Singapore and Director of the Renhai sanatorium.

Readership: doctors, either Western docs and TCM practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers and scholars. additionally, libraries of TCM specialist institutions and educating institutes.

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Additional resources for Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence

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Indeed it has been reported that adenosine, a neuromodulator with anti-nociceptive properties, is released locally during acupuncture in mice and that its anti-nociceptive actions required adenosine A1 receptor expression (A1R-dependent anti-nociception). Direct injection of an adenosine A1 receptor agonist replicated the analgesic effect of acupuncture. Inhibition of enzymes involved in adenosine degradation potentiated the acupuncture-elicited increase in adenosine, as well as its anti-nociceptive effect.

15; Ref. 61, pp. 19,22 Instead, the observer was always placed at the centre of observations and there was not a tendency to try to describe things objectively. indd 32 1/25/2013 6:13:46 PM b1528 Acupuncture: Theory and Evidence b1528_Ch-02 25 Jan 2013 6:22 PM Explanatory Nature, Models, Needs and Requirements for Testing Them 33 world that is experienced. On this issue Sivin and Lloyd said “objectivity did not become an issue” (Ref. 61, pp. 192) and “Scientific pursuits in China thus did not aim at stepwise approximations to an objective reality but at recovery of what the archaic sages already knew” (Ref.

G. pain reduction, and does not cover the broader use of acupuncture for conditions unaffected by the specific physiological pathway. It is dubious whether such models are ‘explanatory models’ of acupuncture, though they might eventually be valid as explanations for some of the effects of acupuncture. The second explanatory model utilises known physiological entities and their pathways of action. This kind of explanatory model proposes that acupuncture works through those entities, for example, that acupuncture points are trigger points and that acupuncture works via the same mechanisms that trigger points work.

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