By Gordon Marshall
What's the relation among social type and social justice? this can be at present a question of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new learn the authors collect contemporary advancements in normative pondering social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the research of sophistication and justice, one who may be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for years yet to come.
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Additional resources for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies
See also Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992a: 30–1, 34, 45), who observe that ‘occupations that are found in close proximity to each other on scales of prestige or status need not, and often do not, have much in common with each other, and may indeed hold quite disparate locations within the social division of labour. Thus, within the same narrow band of scale values one may find, say, groupings of skilled industrial workers brought together with certain types of small proprietor and minor official; or, again, farmers and smallholders placed alongside artisans, industrial labourers, and personal service workers.
It presupposes a market system, a strong legal order relatively independent of government, and a ‘nation-state’ emancipated from specific religious and ethnic control. 53 The educational revolution has been considered as a crucial innovation, especially with regard to the emphasis on the associational pattern, as well as on openness of opportunity. Above all, American society has gone farther than any comparable large-scale society in its dissociation from the older ascriptive inequalities and the institutionalization of a basically egalitarian pattern.
1985), and the two-category collapse in Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992b). ) Classic studies include Blau and Duncan (1967) and Featherman and Hauser (1978). The status attainment programme sees the principal 37 interest of mobility studies as lying in the attempt to specify those attributes which are characteristic of individuals who end up in the more desirable rather than the less desirable jobs. Typically, these studies investigate the extent to which the present occupational status of individuals is associated with the status of their family of origin, rather than individual achievements such as educational attainment or other indicators of skill and ability.