By Stephen Makin
Stephen Makin offers a transparent and exact new translation of an influential and much-discussed a part of Aristotle's philosophical approach, followed by way of an analytical and important remark concentrating on philosophical matters. In booklet Theta of the Metaphysics Aristotle introduces the techniques of reality and potentiality--which have been to stay crucial to philosophical research into the trendy era--and explores the excellence among the particular and the potential.
Part of the Clarendon Aristotle sequence.
Read or Download Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta: Translated with an Introduction and Commentary PDF
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Extra info for Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta: Translated with an Introduction and Commentary
Entelecheia preponderates only in GC 1 (18 occurrences as opposed to 4 of energeia) and Met. Z (10 occurrences, with energeia entirely absent). So the newer coinage never becomes dominant. ) There is a further striking point. It is energeia which preponderates in Metaphysics H, Θ, and Λ. There are just six occurrences of entelecheia in Metaphysics Θ (as opposed to sixty-seven of energeia): of these, two occur in an introductory section (Θ1, 1045b 33–4, 35) and two specify the sense in which energeia is being used (Θ3, 1047a 30; Θ8, 1050a 23).
2, Met. ∆ and Z. Further, in four of the places where entelecheia is common, energeia xxix introduction nevertheless occurs more frequently (Phys. 3, 32, as opposed to 23; Phys. 8, 17, as opposed to 7; An. 2, 30, as opposed to 29; Met. ∆, 12 as opposed to 6). Entelecheia preponderates only in GC 1 (18 occurrences as opposed to 4 of energeia) and Met. Z (10 occurrences, with energeia entirely absent). So the newer coinage never becomes dominant. ) There is a further striking point. It is energeia which preponderates in Metaphysics H, Θ, and Λ.
So it seems appropriate in Metaphysics Θ to translate energeia as ‘actuality’, since ‘activity’ would misleadingly fail to register the widening application of energeia and its displacement of entelecheia. And, ﬁnally, since the displaced entelecheia occurs only rarely in Θ, it will not be too unsatisfactory to use ‘fulﬁlment’ as a merely conventional translation. None of these decisions on translation answers the substantial question of why Aristotle, having coined entelecheia in order to express a notion wider than energeia, should then return in his main discussions to the earlier term energeia, and expend considerable effort in explaining why it is particularly appropriate to extend the application of energeia in this way.