Download Aristotle on Metaphysics by Vasilis Politis PDF

By Vasilis Politis

Aristotle could be crucial determine in philosophy. each severe reader of philosophy will come upon the Metaphysics, but previously there has now not been an introductory ebook to aid clarify the usually tough rules that come up within the text.This GuideBook seems to be on the Metaphysics thematically and takes the reader throughout the major arguments present in the ebook. The e-book introduces and assesses Aristotle's existence and the historical past to the Metaphysics, the tips and textual content of the Metaphysics and Aristotle's philosophical legacy.

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Extra resources for Aristotle on Metaphysics

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In that case, book XII is after all also concerned with the basic question of metaphysics (see Chapter 8§11). ’, also extends to Aristotle’s criticism of Plato’s theory of forms, especially but not only in books XIII–XIV. For it will emerge that Aristotle sees Plato and himself as engaged in a shared project, the project of searching for primary being (ousia). And he thinks that he shares with Plato the general notion of primary being (see Chapters 7§4 and Chapter 9). Indeed, when Aristotle criticises Plato’s theory of forms, he does so against the background of thinking that he and Plato are engaged in this shared project—the search for primary being.

But he thinks that metaphysics is a kind of explanatory knowledge, a science. This leads him to ask (at the opening of I. e. metaphysics] is a science [epistēmē] of certain principles and explanations [archai and aitiai]. e. metaphysics] the science of? e. e. wisdom, metaphysics] must be the science [epistēmē] that considers the first principles [prōtai archai] and [the first] explanations [aitiai]. e. the first principles and the first explanations] that the other things are known; but they [the first principles and the first explanations] are not known through the things under them.

How are these two characterizations of metaphysics related? Aristotle appears to think that the first characterization (metaphysics as the science of the ultimate explanations of all things) leads to the second characterization (metaphysics as the science of being qua being and of the essence of being). For he thinks that the explanations for which metaphysics searches —the ultimate explanations of all things—explain above all this about all things: why each and every thing is a being—something that is.

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